Ethiopia is a country of exceptional interest to educational and specialist research groups. A tally of nine tangible, three intangible UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 12 UNESCO inscribed books, and & five biosphere reserve networks which is more than any other country in Africa underlines its remarkable wealth of fascinating and often unique cultural, historical, ethnographic, and paleontological sites. Ethiopia also offers rich pickings to natural history students, thanks to the presence of many endemic and near-endemic species including Africa’s only indigenous wolf and goat.
Historic and cultural circuits incorporate the 3,000-year-old city of Aksum, the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, and the walled Islamic city of Harar.
Some of the world’s oldest and holiest religious sites, including several churches founded in the 4th to 6th century AD, and the oldest mosque site in Sub-Saharan Africa.
An ethnographic diversity-rich and mosaic of traditional beliefs that inhabit South Omo the ideal place for ethnographic study.
Archaeological sites include ancient palaces and pools associated with the Queen of Sheba, the towering 2,800-year-old temple at Yeha, and the world’s tallest field of stelae (obelisks) in Aksum.
Ethiopia’s unique wealth of paleontological sites, including fossils dating back more than 5 million years, makes it the leading contender for the Cradle of Humankind.
The world’s oldest active lava lake, the ancient white salt flats of the Danakil, mysterious crater lakes, Africa’s deepest riverine gorge, and the craggy peaks of the upper Simien are among the landscapes and features that make Ethiopia fascinating to geologists.
Endemic mammals such as the Ethiopian wolf and gelada baboon can be seen alongside a full 18 bird species of bird found nowhere else in the world, and a similar number shared only with Eritrea.
The western highlands of Ethiopia are the original home of coffee, which still grows wild in the forest undergrowth.
An ancient tradition of hand-woven cotton and other textiles is exemplified by the skilled Dorze weavers of the southern highlands
Ranging from contemporary Ethio-jazz and funky Ethio-pop to the time-honored blues performed by traditional azmari, Ethiopia has one of the most unique and liveliest music scenes in Africa.